The most common type of headache is known as a tension headache and accounts for up to 90% of all headaches. Tension headaches are also known as stress headaches or cervicogenic headaches. The symptoms feel like a vice-like pressure around the scalp. The pain is often bilateral and is frequently described as belt-like. The tension is commonly felt under the back of the head and in the temple region bilaterally. The pain can range from mild to severe and can last anywhere from a few minutes to several months. Most of the time the symptoms get worse in the afternoon or late in the day.
Muscular stress in the shoulders, neck and upper back can be a major cause of tension headaches. Other causes include poor posture, trauma or TMJ syndrome. Compromised sleep, fatigue or an irregular eating pattern can be aggravating factors.
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